How common is it to get toxoplasmosis while pregnant?
Around 65% to 85% of people who are pregnant in the United States have a chance of getting toxoplasmosis.
How does a pregnant woman know if she has toxoplasmosis?
How is toxoplasmosis diagnosed? A blood test can tell whether you have or have ever had toxoplasmosis. If you’re worried about getting the infection, ask your doctor about having the test. If you get the infection while you’re pregnant, you’ll need to have your baby tested.
How easy is it to get toxoplasmosis?
You can catch it from contaminated meat that’s raw or not thoroughly cooked. You can also get toxoplasmosis by drinking contaminated water. In rare cases, toxoplasmosis may be transmitted through a blood transfusion or a transplanted organ. The parasite can also exist in feces.
Should I be worried about toxoplasmosis?
Toxoplasmosis is a common infection found in birds, animals, and people. For most people, it doesn’t cause serious health problems. But for a pregnant woman’s growing baby, it can cause brain damage and vision loss. Still, the chance of a pregnant woman getting the infection and passing it on to her baby is low.
When can toxoplasmosis affect a fetus?
The risk of maternal transmission of the parasite to the fetus during the first trimester of pregnancy (when the baby is most vulnerable) is relatively low, at 15 to 20 percent. However, by the third trimester, a pregnant woman with toxoplasmosis has a 60 percent chance of infecting her child.
Where is toxoplasmosis most commonly found?
Toxoplasmosis is most common in areas with warm, moist climates. More than 50% of the population in Central and Southern Europe, Africa, South America, and Asia are infected with toxoplasmosis. It is also common in France possibly due to the preference of minimally cooked and raw meat.
How do I know if I have toxoplasmosis?
To find out if you have toxoplasmosis, your doctor can do a blood test to see if you have those antibodies. If you’ve been infected recently, your body may not have had time to make them. So even if your test doesn’t show any signs of them, your doctor may want to do another test a few weeks later to be sure.
What causes toxoplasmosis?
Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a single-celled parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. While the parasite is found throughout the world, more than 40 million people in the United States may be infected with the Toxoplasma parasite.
What happens if you get toxoplasmosis during pregnancy?
Toxoplasmosis can cause problems during pregnancy, including miscarriage, preterm birth or stillbirth. Most babies born with toxoplasmosis have no symptoms. Symptoms can include eye infections, swollen glands, liver or spleen, or jaundice.
Is toxoplasmosis curable during pregnancy?
The Toxoplasma infection can be treated during pregnancy with antibiotic medication. The earlier the infection is identified and treated, the greater the chance of preventing infection of the unborn child. If the child has already been infected, treatment can make the disease less severe.
How long does it take to get toxoplasmosis after exposure?
How soon after being infected do symptoms appear? Symptoms usually take between 5 and 23 days to appear after infection.