Question: What problems can malnutrition cause in infants?

What happens if a baby is malnourished?

Proper nutrition is vital to your child’s health, growth, and development. When your child isn’t eating or getting enough calories and the proper nutrients, there can be trouble ahead. Malnutrition weakens the immune system, opens the door to infections and delays healing.

How does malnutrition affect infants development?

Malnutrition can cause permanent, widespread damage to a child’s growth, development and well-being. Stunting in the first 1,000 days is associated with poorer performance in school, both because malnutrition affects brain development, and also because malnourished children are more likely to get sick and miss school.

What problems can malnutrition cause?

Malnutrition can lead to the development of diseases and chronic health conditions. Long-term effects of undernutrition include a higher risk of obesity, heart disease and diabetes ( 20 , 21 ).

What is a common cause of infant malnutrition?

According to UNICEF the main causes of childhood malnutrition can be categorized into three main underlying factors which are; household food insecurity, inadequate care and unhealthy household environment, and lack of health care services [18].

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What happens if baby doesn’t get enough nutrients?

Development during the first two years of life is critical and has a lasting impact on a child’s health. Poor infant and child nutrition can lead to deficiencies in essential micronutrients, which may cause a weakened immune system and lasting effects on children’s growth and development.

How do you treat malnutrition in babies?

Treatment may involve:

  1. dietary changes, such as eating foods high in energy and nutrients.
  2. support for families to help them manage factors affecting the child’s nutritional intake.
  3. treatment for any underlying medical conditions causing malnutrition.
  4. vitamin and mineral supplements.

How does malnutrition affect infants physical and cognitive growth?

Structurally malnutrition results in tissue damage, growth retardation, disorderly differentiation, reduction in synapses and synaptic neurotransmitters, delayed myelination and reduced overall development of dendritic arborization of the developing brain.

How does malnutrition affect physical development in children?

Under-nutrition reduces immunological capacity to defend against diseases, and recurrent infections, in turn reduce and deprive the body from essential nutrients. This leads to the dismal growth of children which adversely affect child’s mental and physical development and, learning capacity in future life.

How does malnutrition affect a child cognitive development?

The key findings from this study are that malnutrition at age 3 years is associated with poorer verbal and full-scale cognitive ability at age 3 years and poorer VIQ, spatial IQ, full-scale IQ, reading ability, and school and neuropsychologic performance at age 11 years.

What are the causes and effects of malnutrition?

Causes of malnutrition include inappropriate dietary choices, a low income, difficulty obtaining food, and various physical and mental health conditions. Undernutrition is one type of malnutrition . It occurs when the body does not get enough food. It can lead to delayed growth, low weight, or wasting.

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What are the 4 types of malnutrition?

There are 4 types of malnutrition, according to the World Health Organization. This includes deficiencies, stunting, being underweight, and wasting. Each type of malnutrition stems from a unique cause.