Quick Answer: What is the problem in a blue baby?

What is the most common cause of a blue baby?

Causes of Blue Baby Syndrome. Blue baby syndrome is most commonly caused by an underlying heart condition, such as the following: Truncus arteriosus . In this type of heart defect, only one artery, instead of two, carries blood from the heart.

Do blue babies survive?

Studies show that the long-term survival of “blue babies” and other patients with congenital heart defects is reasonably good. Over 90 percent of the patients are alive 20 years after the first conduit operation, while the mortality rate within 30 days after the operation is less than 1 percent, reoperations included.

What does a blue baby indicate?

Cyanosis, caused by blood insufficiently supplied with oxygen, turns areas of an infant’s skin visibly blue. The condition can be a symptom of a heart defect, as is the case for this infant. But it can also indicate exposure to a chemical that alters hemoglobin in the blood.

What blood type causes blue baby syndrome?

Key points about Rh disease

Rh disease occurs during pregnancy. It happens when the Rh factors in the mom’s and baby’s blood don’t match. If the Rh negative mother has been sensitized to Rh positive blood, her immune system will make antibodies to attack her baby.

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What are some possible causes of cyanotic babies?

Cyanosis is usually caused by problems of the heart, lungs, or blood.

What conditions cause cyanosis?

  • truncus arteriosus.
  • total anomalous pulmonary venous return.
  • transposition of the great arteries.
  • tricuspid atresia.
  • pulmonary atresia.
  • atrioventricular canal defect.
  • pulmonary hypertension.
  • hypoplastic left heart syndrome.

Do blue babies have brain damage?

The lasting effects of insufficient oxygen (“born blue”) depend on how long the baby was without oxygen and how quickly treatment was started. Babies can suffer cell damage right away. Additional damage can occur because of toxins released from damaged cells after the flow of oxygen and blood to the brain is restored.

Is blue baby syndrome permanent?

Once the cause is identified and successfully treated, most children with blue baby syndrome can live normal lives with few health consequences.

What is the life expectancy for a child with congenital heart defect?

Survival. About 97% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 95% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to 18 years of age.

What is the life expectancy of someone with Tetralogy of Fallot?

Conclusions: The vast majority of the patients seemed to live normal lives 20–37 years after Tetralogy of Fallot repair. Late deaths were cardiac in origin, including sudden death from arrhythmias.