Can a baby be born with an infection?

What are common infections in newborns?

Infections in Newborns

  • Viral infections: Cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, chickenpox (varicella virus), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Rubella virus, hepatitis viruses, parvovirus.
  • Bacterial infections: Group B Streptococcus, syphilis, Listeria, Pertussis.
  • Parasite infections such as toxoplasmosis.

Can an infection harm my unborn baby?

Infection can be dangerous during pregnancy as it can cause problems for unborn babies, such as hearing loss, visual impairment or blindness, learning difficulties and epilepsy.

What infection can be passed to baby during birth?

Most pregnant women who carry group B streptococcus (GBS) bacteria have healthy babies. But there’s a small risk that GBS can pass to the baby during childbirth. Sometimes GBS infection in newborn babies can cause serious complications that can be life threatening, but this is not common.

Can bacterial infections be passed to a baby during birth?

Most common infections that occur during pregnancy, such as those of the skin, urinary tract, and respiratory tract, cause no serious problems. However, some infections can be passed to the fetus before or during birth and damage the fetus or cause a miscarriage.

How does a baby get an infection?

Most infections in newborn babies are caused by bacteria, and some by viruses. A mother’s birth canal contains bacteria, especially if they have an active infection. During childbirth, the baby can swallow or breathe in the fluid in the birth canal, and bacteria or viruses can get into their lungs and blood.

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Why are newborns vulnerable to infection?

Premature babies are typically more vulnerable to infections because their immune systems are immature. The lack of antibodies and immunity in a premature baby’s immune system means they can’t fight off bacteria, viruses or fungi in the same way that full-term babies may be able to.

What infections can cause miscarriage?

The following infections may also increase your risk:

  • rubella (german measles)
  • cytomegalovirus.
  • bacterial vaginosis.
  • HIV.
  • chlamydia.
  • gonorrhoea.
  • syphilis.
  • malaria.

Can you treat infection while pregnant?

You can safely treat a yeast infection during pregnancy with various over-the-counter antifungal vaginal creams or suppositories. However, it’s best to confirm with your health care provider that your symptoms are actually due to a yeast infection before starting treatment.