What are the side effects of taking insulin while pregnant?
People become resistant to insulin and it does not work to keep their blood sugar under control. The major side effect of taking insulin is a possible low blood sugar.
Can insulin cause birth defects?
Gestational diabetes affects the mother in late pregnancy, after the baby’s body has been formed, but while the baby is busy growing. Because of this, gestational diabetes does not cause the kinds of birth defects sometimes seen in babies whose mothers had diabetes before pregnancy.
How does insulin affect fetal growth?
This increased endogenous insulin acts as growth factors for fetus leading to storage of excessive amounts of glucose as glycogen and fat in the fetal body making these babies larger than the normal. Due to large sized fetus oxygen demand increases causing hypoxic condition in utero.
Is it safe to take insulin during pregnancy?
Insulin doesn’t cross the placenta, which means it can’t get to your baby, so it’s safe to use as prescribed.
When should a pregnant woman start taking insulin?
Therefore, insulin therapy traditionally has been started when capillary blood glucose levels exceed 105 mg per dL (5.8 mmol per L) in the fasting state and 120 mg per dL (6.7 mmol per L) two hours after meals.
What birth defects can be caused by diabetes?
Among the defects in children born to women with diabetes are heart problems, brain and spinal defects, oral clefts, kidney and gastrointestinal tract defects, and limb deficiencies. Diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy was linked with about 50% of the birth defect categories analyzed.
Can sugar cause birth defects?
High blood sugar can cause problems all over the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves. It can harm the eyes, kidneys, and heart. In early pregnancy, high blood sugar can lead to birth defects in a growing baby.
Does gestational diabetes affect baby later in life?
If untreated, gestational diabetes can cause problems for your baby, like premature birth and stillbirth. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after you have your baby; but if you have it, you’re more likely to develop diabetes later in life.
What is the function of insulin in pregnancy?
Insulin plays a central role in human pregnancy. Ma- ternal insulin sensitivity decreases with advancing gestation in order to provide glucose and possibly other nutrients for feto-placental growth and energy needs.
Does insulin deteriorate the placenta?
Insulin is directly toxic to early placenta and elevated levels can lead to pregnancy loss, according to new research. Metformin, a low-cost medication for diabetes management, as well as diet modifications in the form of reduced carbohydrates and sugar have shown promise in potentially preventing miscarriage.
What effect can gestational diabetes have on the baby?
Babies of mothers who have gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth. Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.