Why do babies get big with gestational diabetes?
This causes the baby’s pancreas to make extra insulin to get rid of the blood glucose. Since the baby is getting more energy than it needs to grow and develop, the extra energy is stored as fat. This can lead to macrosomia, or a “fat” baby.
How much bigger are babies with gestational diabetes?
The most common and significant neonatal complication clearly associated with gestational diabetes is macrosomia: an oversized baby with a birth weight greater than the 90th percentile for gestational age and sex, or a birth weight >2 SD above the normal mean birth weight.
Will gestational diabetes give you a big baby?
“Women with gestational diabetes can face an up to 50 per cent increased risk of having a large baby*, which comes with risks of possible complications such as injury to the baby and mother during delivery, emergency or planned caesarean delivery, and haemorrhage,” Dr Vally said.
Does gestational diabetes affect baby development?
If untreated, gestational diabetes can cause problems for your baby, like premature birth and stillbirth. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after you have your baby; but if you have it, you’re more likely to develop diabetes later in life.
How early do you deliver with gestational diabetes?
Expert recommendations suggest that women with uncomplicated GDM take their pregnancies to term, and deliver at 38 weeks gestation .
Can you have a large baby without gestational diabetes?
If your diabetes isn’t well controlled, your baby is likely to have larger shoulders and greater amounts of body fat than would a baby whose mother doesn’t have diabetes. A history of fetal macrosomia. If you’ve previously given birth to a large baby, you’re at increased risk of having another large baby.
How can I avoid having a big baby?
Can you avoid having a large baby?
- giving up smoking (if you currently smoke)
- eating a balanced, healthy diet.
- maintaining your weight or, if overweight, losing weight before conception if possible.
- if you have diabetes, trying to manage it properly.
- avoiding alcohol and illegal drugs.