What happens if a newborn get meningitis?

Why would a newborn get meningitis?

Your baby can get meningitis when bacteria, viruses, or a fungus infecting another part of their body travels in the bloodstream to their brain and spinal cord. Out of 1,000 live births, about 0.1 to 0.4 neonates (a baby less than 28 days old) get meningitis, estimates a 2017 review.

Is meningitis life-threatening in babies?

Viral meningitis is rarely life-threatening, but can still make babies and young children very unwell. Most children will make a good recovery, but recovery can be slow. Bacterial meningitis can be fatal and needs rapid admission to hospital and urgent medical treatment.

Can a newborn be born with meningitis?

In the United States, there are roughly 300 to 400 cases of neonatal meningitis for every 100,000 live births. A rare type of meningitis, this often life-threatening condition affects newborns and is caused by various bacteria, including group B strep, E.

What is the most common cause of neonatal meningitis?

Group B streptococcus continues to be the most common pathogen causing meningitis in the neonatal period.

What are the main causes of meningitis?

Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection.

  • meningococcal bacteria – there are several different types, called A, B, C, W, X, Y and Z.
  • pneumococcal bacteria.
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacteria.
  • enteroviruses – viruses that usually only cause a mild stomach infection.
  • the mumps virus.
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What are the long-term side effects of meningitis?

Long-term effects of bacterial meningitis

  • speech problems.
  • issues with memory.
  • loss of coordination.
  • learning difficulties.
  • hearing loss.
  • vision loss.
  • seizures.
  • hydrocephalus, which is a buildup of fluid in the brain.

How does meningitis affect emotional development?

Victims were found to be significantly more likely to experience mental health problems with one in five suffering anxiety or behavioural disorders. In addition, meningitis was found to impact on an individual’s memory – both long and short term – and leave survivors significantly more likely to experience epilepsy.

How quickly does meningitis progress?

Symptoms of bacterial meningitis appear and progress quickly – bacterial meningitis is the most dangerous type of meningitis, and the infection progresses the fastest. Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear just a few hours, though in some cases may appear 1 to 2 days afterwards.

How serious is meningitis?

Meningitis can be very serious if not treated quickly. It can cause life-threatening blood poisoning (septicaemia) and result in permanent damage to the brain or nerves. A number of vaccinations are available that offer some protection against meningitis.

Does meningitis go away?

It often goes away on its own and usually does not cause permanent damage or disability. It’s most prevalent in the spring and summer because that’s when the enterovirus, one of the most common causes of meningitis, tends to be circulating in communities. It’s not always easy to make a meningitis diagnosis.